She was an unassuming figure: Copenhagen in the s and s had crooked streets where carriages rarely went.
This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. December Learn how and when to remove this template message Is despair a merit or a defect? Purely dialectically it is both.
If one were to think of despair only in the abstract, without reference to some particular despairer, one would have to say it is an enormous merit.
The finite limitations such as those imposed by one's body or one's concrete circumstances and the infinite those capacities that free us from limitations such as imagination always exist in a state of tension.
That tension between two aspects of the "self" that must be brought into balance. When the self is out of balance, i.
Notably, Anti-Climacus says one can be in despair even if one feels perfectly happy. Despair is not just an emotion, in a deeper sense it is the loss of self, i.
The A is an aesthete well aware that he can use the power of interpretation to define who he is and what he takes to be valuable. He knows he can shape and reshape his own self-identity.
A comparison of the views of marx and kierkegaard binds him to his relationships. Nothing binds him to his past actions. In the end though, he also knows he lacks a consistent understanding of who he is. He lacks a self that resists his own power of reinterpretation. His older friend Judge William, argues that a deeper concept of selfhood is discovered as one commits to one's actions, and takes ownership of the past and present.
A concept of oneself, as this particular human being, begins to take form in one's own consciousness.
Another perspective, one in which an individual can find some measure of freedom from despair, is available for the person with religious "faith. In Fear and TremblingJohannes de Silentio argues that the choice of Abraham to obey the private, unethical, commandment of God to sacrifice his son reveals what faith entails: His God requires more than being good, he demands that he seek out an inner commitment to him.
If Abraham were to blithely obey, his actions would have no meaning. It is only when he acts with fear and trembling that he demonstrates a full awareness that murdering a son is absolutely wrong, ethically speaking.
Despair has several specific levels that a person can find themselves, each one further in despair than the last as laid out in The Sickness Unto Death.
The first level is "The despair that is ignorant of being despair or the despairing ignorance of having a self and an eternal self. In this sense, the person does not recognize his own despair because he often measures the success of his life based on whether he himself judges himself to be happy.
Regardless of whether you know you are in despair or not, Kierkegaard asserts, you can still be in that state.
He notes that this is the most common in the world. The next level of despair is "The despair that is conscious of being despair and therefore is conscious of having a self in which there is something eternal and then either in despair does not will to be itself or in despair wills to be itself.
These three divisions are mostly the self-worth the person has and the amount to which they understand their own despair. The despair to not be oneself is pretty straightforward.
A person sees themself as unworthy and as such does not see themself as worthy before something they do not understand. The despair not to be a self is deeper, because to not wish to be a self is to wish to not have a relation to God or at the very least see one's relation to God as unworthy, and thus shrink from it.
The lowest form of this group, however, is the desire to be a new self. This is logically the deepest form as it assumes the deepest understanding of one's despair. Once in despair, without a complete relation to God one will always be in despair, so to be in this level one understands the permanence of the despair.
The despair in this group arises from the nature of sensate things and physical desires. These three sub groups are also grouped under the heading "Despair over the earthly.
Unlike in the upper level, this weakness is understood and as such, instead of turning to faith and humbling oneself before God, they despair in their own weakness and unworthiness. In this sense, they despair over the eternal and refuse to be comforted by the light of God.
The last and lowest form of despair is the desire "In despair to will to be oneself.Differences and similarities between Nietzsche and Kierkegaard (tranceformingnlp.comlosophy) submitted 3 years ago by Rllrllrrlrrl I know that kierkegaard was a Christian existentialist and Nietzsche an atheist, but what were the similarities between them.
Georg Lukács wrote The Theory of the Novel in , a period that also saw the conception of Rosa Luxemburg's Spartacus Letters, Lenin's Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism, Spengler's Decline of the West, and Ernst Bloch's Spirit of tranceformingnlp.com many of Lukács's early essays, it is a radical critique of bourgeois culture and stems from a specific Central European philosophy of.
Jul 31, · Kierkegaard vs Hegel - Objectivity, Subjectivity, and Faith The following is a paper I submitted during my undergrad studies at Calvin College. I hope you find it beneficial and that it clarifies some of the nuances existing between thinkers like Kierkegaard and Hegel.
Both Marx and Kierkegaard agree that in contemporary society many people feel alienated. But while Marx argues that the source of this alienation can be understood by focusing on material structures and economics, Kierkegaard insists that the source of human alienation is spiritual in character/5(3).
Émile Durkheim (—) Émile Durkheim was a French sociologist who rose to prominence in the late 19 th and early 20 th centuries. Along with Karl Marx and Max Weber, he is credited as being one of the principal founders of modern sociology.
Marxism Versus Existentialism. Existentialism and Marxism take irreconcilable views on the nature of the relationship between the objective and subjective sides of human life, on the status, the interconnection, and the relative importance of the public and private worlds.
But Sartre wants to embrace both Kierkegaard and Marx without.