Background[ edit ] The controversy began on election night, when the national television networks, using information provided to them by the Voter News Servicean organization formed by the Associated Press to help determine the outcome of the election through early result tallies and exit pollingfirst called Florida for Gore in the hour after polls closed in the peninsula but about ten minutes before they closed in the heavily Republican counties of the panhandle in the Central time zone.
Article III, Section 1which authorizes the establishment of the Supreme Court, refers to all members of the Court simply as "judges. Inat the urging of Salmon P.
The first person whose Supreme Court commission contained the modified title was Melville Fuller in The chief justice, like all federal judgesis nominated by the President and confirmed to office by the U.
Since15 presidents have made a total of 22 official nominations to the position. There is no specific constitutional prohibition against using another method to select the chief justice from among those justices properly appointed and confirmed to the Supreme Court.
Constitutional law scholar Todd Pettys has proposed that presidential appointment of chief justices should be done away with, and replaced by a process that permits the Justices to select their own chief justice.
A fourth, Abe Fortaswas nominated to the position inbut was not confirmed. As an associate justice does not have to resign his or her seat on the Court in order to be nominated as chief justice; Fortas remained an associate justice.
Similarly, when associate justice William Cushing was nominated and confirmed as chief justice in Januarybut declined the office, he too remained on the Court.
Two former associate justices subsequently returned to service on the Court as chief justice. John Rutledge was the first. President Washington gave him a recess appointment in However, his subsequent nomination to the office was not confirmed by the Senate, and he left office and the Court.
Informer associate justice Charles Evans Hughes was confirmed as chief justice.
Additionally, in Decemberformer chief justice John Jay was nominated and confirmed to the position a second time, but ultimately declined it; opening the way for the appointment of John Marshall. Impeachment trials[ edit ] Article I, section 3 of the U.
Constitution stipulates that the Chief Justice shall preside over impeachment trials of the President of the United States in the U. Two Chief Justices, Salmon P.
Chase and William Rehnquisthave presided over the trial in the Senate that follows an impeachment of the president — Chase in over the proceedings against President Andrew Johnson and Rehnquist in over the proceedings against President Bill Clinton.
Both presidents were subsequently acquitted. Seniority[ edit ] John Marshallthe fourth and longest serving Chief Justice. Many of the procedures and inner workings of the Court turn on the seniority of the justices.
The chief justice sets the agenda for the weekly meetings where the justices review the petitions for certiorarito decide whether to hear or deny each case. The Supreme Court agrees to hear less than one percent of the cases petitioned to it. While associate justices may append items to the weekly agenda, in practice this initial agenda-setting power of the chief justice has significant influence over the direction of the court.
Additionally, he has no legal authority to overrule the verdicts or interpretations of the other eight judges or tamper with them. Thus, when the chief justice is in the majority, he always assigns the opinion.Tell Attorney General Holder to Keep His Hands Off the Miranda Rule.
In the wake of the attempted bombing in Times Square in May —as after other terrorism attempts—there have been misguided calls to weaken our constitutional rights, including a call to loosen the Miranda rule.
The information below is out-of-date since Mumia has been removed from death row, following the (October ) US Supreme Court ruling vacating his death sentence, and later placed into the general prison population (January ). There is a point, said Justice Jackson, beyond which a person may not provoke a crowd.
Finally the Court voted. Each justice, including the Chief Justice, had one vote. Five agreed with one opinion, four with the other. One of the justices in the majority was then asked to write a long essay explaining the legal reasons for the majority's decision.
Get the latest health news, diet & fitness information, medical research, health care trends and health issues that affect you and your family on tranceformingnlp.com A Supreme Court justice may choose to write a concurring opinion when he or she agrees with the majority decision, but wants to add perceptions or legal reasoning not addressed, or not addressed to that justice's satisfaction, in the majority opinion (opinion of the Court).
Print Going to court. Whether you are a victim, a witness or a defendant, going to court can be a daunting and stressful experience. However, you should not be afraid to go to court; support and information is available to help you throughout the legal process.