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For more information, see the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association or a style guide to writing research papers. The Writing Center has these and other resources on hand, and Writing Center tutors can help you to use them. Always ask your mentor which style to use before you begin to write your paper.
The APA style is used in the social sciences and is governed by two basic ideas. The first is that a scientific paper attempts to show something that has already been proven true, so it calls for the past or present perfect tense when you cite the work of others.
Second, the year of publication is important, so you need to feature it immediately after any named source in the text. Smyth found that children often studied while watching television. Williams and Maier have defined a new theory of cognition. Use the present tense for generalizations and personal comments.
Use the past or present perfect tenses only to introduce the work of cited sources. Evidence of the rise of the heroin use exists for every age group, even children.
Burroughs and Bruce reported on five incidents of heroin overdose in the under 10 age group. Basic APA Facts Always double space, including the text of your paper, quotations, notes, and the reference page. Leave margins of at least one-inch at the top, bottom, right, and left of every page.
Use a reference page for reference to parenthetical citations. Within the text of your paper, underline titles of books, plays, pamphlets, periodicals, films, television programs, and recordings; place in quotation marks titles of articles, essays in anthologies, book chapters, and lectures. Number pages in the upper right hand corner.
Include a running head. Plagiarism is generally grounds for failure of a course and can lead to dismissal from college. To avoid plagiarism, acknowledge your sources with in-text citations and a reference page. Enclose direct quotations in quotation marks or otherwise indent them from the body of your text.
If you use another person's idea or paraphrase another person's words, be sure to use your own language and style of writing — don't simply rearrange the words. Use an in-text citation to acknowledge the source, then list on a reference page the publications or sources from which you obtained your citations.
For more detailed information on plagiarism and how to avoid it, see the handout available at the GVC Writing Center. After the first appearance, cite the author's name either within the text of your writing or within the parenthetical citation immediately following the cited passage.
Note that commas separate items within parentheses. Following are some examples of in-text citation methods in the APA style. In his study of the effects of alcohol on the ability to drive, Smith showed that the reaction times of participating drivers were adversely affected by as little as a twelve ounce can of beer.
If you don't use the author's name in the text, place it within the parenthetical citation with the date. A recent study of the effects of alcohol on the ability to drive showed that as little as twelve ounces of beer adversely affected the reaction time of participating drivers Smith, Provide a page number when you use an exact quotation.
Use the singular "p. In his study on the effects of alcohol on drivers, Smithp. If you do so, remember to place the date immediately after the author's name.
In his study on the effects of alcohol on drivers, Smith stated that "participants who drank twelve ounces of beer with a 3. Indent a direct quotation of 40 or more words five spaces from the left margin.
If the quotation includes more than one paragraph, indent the first line of succeeding paragraphs five more spaces ten spaces total. Don't use quotation marks, and be sure to double space the quotation as well as your own writing.
In her study of adult patterns of television watching, Roberts reported the following behaviors: Response behaviors exhibited by participants who watched television without any other persons present in the viewing room included imitating the facial expressions and hand movements of television characters as well as talking to individual characters.Humanities Abstracts “Margaret C.
Anderson’s Little Review” Sophia Estante and Lorrie Moore (Mentor), English. This research looks at the work of Margaret C. Anderson, the editor of the Little Review. The review published first works by Sherwood Anderson, James Joyce, Wyndham Lewis, and Ezra Pound.
This research draws upon mostly primary. APA Central is a digital library of quick APA guides and tutorials: Learn - view videos and tutorials, test your APA knowledge with quizzes, and view sample papers, references, tables, and figures. - Research - view tutorials, search APA dictionaries, develop research ideas, plan and track your research, and manage your references.
- Write - use templates to write papers (includes step-by. Writing Effective Abstracts •Every article submitted to a journal anybody actually reads your paper or comes to your talk.
Types of Abstracts • Typical abstract –Written after the research and the paper have been completed. –Consists of items easily identified in the paper and See page 12 of the APA handbook for more detailed. Capella University Writing Center May ABSTRACTS The APA Publication Manual () defines an abstract as a brief, comprehensive summary of the contents of a published article or academic paper (p.
12). While an abstract is only a. The Abstract or Outline for the Research Paper Organizing Your Paper and Writing the Abstract or Outline If you have chosen to do an MLA paper you will do an outline for your paper. This will be the second page of the paper.
Writing APA Style Abstracts An abstract is an accurate, self-contained, concise restatement of the content of a paper, article, document, book, thesis, or dissertation presented as a single block of text.