English directed tasks

Discussion is very often used as a tool in classrooms. When designed properly and used thoughtfully, discussion tasks can be an effective learning tool that promote creativity, as well as generate meaningful interaction and understanding for the learner. Teachers use discussion tasks to achieve different goals:

English directed tasks

Multiple language problems have been attributed to attentional impairments in people with aphasia.

English directed tasks

As a result, a number of investigations have examined the effectiveness of attentional treatments for improving impaired language processing. With few exceptions, all of the studies have used domain-general nonspecific attention training with nonlinguistic tasks as the therapeutic modality.

Unfortunately, despite the well-documented associations between language and attention, these treatments have not yielded substantial improvements in language outcomes. It may be that the lack of specificity in these approaches for recruiting language-related attentional processes is a contributing factor.

To address this issue, a Language-Specific Attention Treatment L-SAT Peach, was proposed using language tasks that are purported to recruit attention for language processing.

Further investigation into the attentional requirements of these tasks is needed. To establish the construct validity and reliability of the baseline and probe tasks hereafter, probe tasks used in L-SAT in a group of healthy participants as well as to determine the external validity of these tasks in participants with aphasia.

Twenty healthy participants and six participants with aphasia were assessed using standardized language and attention tests and an experimental battery of eight language-specific attention tasks that serve as the probe measures for this program. Correlational analyses were performed to examine the construct and external validity of the experimental tasks as well as their reliability.

All of these language tasks were found to be independent of one another in healthy participants and to correlate strongly with at least one attention measure, with the exception of one task, which showed moderate correlations with several attention measures. Examination of the correlations among the probe tasks and the attention measures revealed a highly interpretable pattern that is consistent with the processing requirements of each task.

Excellent inter- and intra-rater reliability were found for these tasks in both healthy participants and the PWA.


Acceptable test-retest reliability was found in both groups for all but three of the tasks. The results suggest that these probe tasks provide a valid method for recruiting language-directed attentional abilities, and therefore, may be effective for indexing attentional processing in participants with aphasia.

L-SAT, which incorporates these tasks into a hierarchically organized treatment program, may offer a promising approach to treating aphasic impairments associated with attentional deficits.

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Add a review and share your thoughts with other readers. Confirm this request You may have already requested this item. Please select Ok if you would like to proceed with this request anyway.Calculate number of following nodes in a Learn more about graph, longest number of following tasks, precedence, successors, total number of successors, number of following tasks, graph theory.

This is a simple speaking activity that can be used with A2 level groups to provide practice in using prepositions of place and giving clear instructions. Two approaches to writing instruction are the traditional teacher-directed approach and the process-oriented approach made popular in the late s.

For community college Developmental English programs faced with increased enrollment and. Translation for 'task-directed' in the free English-Dutch dictionary and many other Dutch translations. A selection of revision booklets and class activities to help students revise for the English IGCSE exam.

English directed tasks

These tasks were planned for students sitting the CORE exam, but can be adapted for students sitting the EXTENDED paper/5(38). If you can work on any number of tasks in parallel, then an optimal schedule can easily be computed.

The starting time for a task in an optimal schedule can recursively be defined as the maximum of the optimal end times (i.e. optimal start time plus duration) of all its predecessor nodes in the graph.

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