April Article Write Us Religious and spiritual beliefs and practices are important in the lives of many patients, yet medical students, residents and physicians are often uncertain about whether, when, or how, to address spiritual or religious issues. Physicians in previous times were trained to diagnose and treat disease and had little or no training in how to relate to the spiritual side of the patient. In addition, professional ethics requires physicians to not impinge their beliefs on patients who are particularly vulnerable when seeking health care.
Sermon on the MountThe New Commandmentand Ministry of Jesus Christian ethics in general has tended to stress the need for love, gracemercyand forgiveness because of sin.
With divine assistance, the Christian is called to become increasingly virtuous in both thought and deed, see also the Evangelical counsels. Conversely, the Christian is also called to abstain from vice. They begin with the notion of inherent sinfulness, which requires essential atonement.
Christian ethics has a teleological aspect—all ethical behavior is oriented towards a vision of the Kingdom of God —a righteous society where all live in peace and harmony with God and nature, as envisioned in the Book of Isaiah.
Understanding these commands as part of a larger campaign makes it impossible to interpret Christian ethics as an individual ethic.
Other tenets include maintaining personal integrity and the absence of hypocrisy, as well as honesty and loyalty, mercy and forgiveness, rejection of materialism and the desire for wealth and power, and teaching others in your life through personal joy, happiness and Godly devotion. Aquinas adopted the four cardinal virtues of Aristotle justice, courage, temperance and prudenceand added to them the Christian virtues of faith, hope and charity from St.
Paul, 1 Corinthians Other schema include the Seven Deadly Sins and the Seven virtues. For more see Christian philosophy and Biblical law in Christianity.
This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. June Learn how and when to remove this template message Confucianism and Neo-Confucianism emphasize the maintenance and propriety of relationships as the most important consideration in ethics.
Notably, though, what you owe to another person is inversely proportional to their distance from you. In other words, you owe your parents everything, but you are not in any way obligated towards strangers. This can be seen as a recognition of the fact that it is impossible to love the entire world equally and simultaneously.
This is called relational ethics, or situational ethics. The Confucian system differs very strongly from Kantian ethics in that there are rarely laws or principles which can be said to be true absolutely or universally.
This is not to say that there has never been any consideration given to universalist ethics. The Confucian view eventually held sway, however, and continues to dominate many aspects of Chinese thought.
Many have argued, for example, that Mao Zedong was more Confucian than Communist.
Confucianism, especially of the type argued for by Mencius Chinese: In other words, the ideal ruler does not go out and force the people to become good, but instead leads by example. The ideal ruler fosters harmony rather than laws.
Confucius stresses honesty above all. He codified traditional practice and actually changed the meaning of the prior concepts that those words had meant. His model of the Confucian family and Confucian ruler dominated Chinese life into the early 20th century.
This had ossified by then into an Imperial hierarchy of rigid property rightshard to distinguish from any other dictatorship. Traditional ethics had been perverted by legalism. Buddhist influence[ edit ] Buddhism, and specifically Mahayana Buddhismbrought a cohesive metaphysic to Chinese thought and a strong emphasis on universalism.
June Learn how and when to remove this template message Laozi Lao Tzu and other Taoist Daoist authors argued for an even greater passivity on the part of rulers than did the Confucians. For Laozi, Lao Tzu the ideal ruler is one who does virtually nothing that can be directly identified as ruling. Clearly, both Daoism and Confucianism presume that human nature is basically good.
Taoist ethics ask for a greater sense of being and less identification with the act of doing. Taoist passivity nurtures, cultivates and prepares an atmosphere that allows the majestic and the real to shine, which influences society for the better.
Truly, the greatest gift you have to give is that of your own self-transformation. HinduismYamasand Niyamas Ahimsa - non-violence in action, words and thoughts - is considered the highest ethical value and virtue in Hinduism.
Ethics is called Nitisastra Sanskrit: Kanethe author of the History of Dharmasastra said, the term "Dharma" does not have a synonym in English language.Philosophy of Medicine. While philosophy and medicine, beginning with the ancient Greeks, enjoyed a long history of mutually beneficial interactions, the professionalization of “philosophy of medicine” is a nineteenth century event.
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About a decade ago, I happened to be talking with an eminent academic scholar who had become known for his sharp criticism of Israeli policies in the Middle East and America’s strong support for them.
We have tried to be objective in our treatment of this issue, and to describe fairly from all viewpoints. This essay is dedicated to the past U.S. Surgeon General, Joycelyn Elders.
|by Rabbi Yitzchok Breitowitz||In recent months, Dr.|
Medical Ethics Essays: Over , Medical Ethics Essays, Medical Ethics Term Papers, Medical Ethics Research Paper, Book Reports. ESSAYS, term and research papers available for UNLIMITED access Religion essay paper; Science essay paper; Shakespeare essay paper; Social Issues essay paper Individual Ethics .
Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.
The field of ethics, along with aesthetics, concern matters of value, and thus comprise the branch of philosophy called axiology.. Ethics seeks to resolve questions of human morality by defining concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong.