References and Further Reading 1. Two Kinds of Natural Law Theory At the outset, it is important to distinguish two kinds of theory that go by the name of natural law.
Fiction K - English - Words: PLEASE DO NOT copy this word for word as that would be plagerism, but I have found that looking back over these past essays and summarising the main points was very useful when it came to revision of all the arguments.
The essay question you are working on will most likely not be this exact question so copying it exactly will not help in the slightest except to make you look like an idiot. Hope this is useful to all you aspiring philosophers out there: What is Natural Law?
Natural Law is a Theory that says that there is an existence of a law that is set by nature and applies everywhere because it is ingrained within our beings and can be discovered through the human ability to reason. Universal, unchanging and constant — these are all qualities which clearly show that it is an absolute theory.
Natural Law is also Deontological therefore a non-consequential approach to ethics, meaning that the outcome of an action is irrelevant because the action itself is intrinsically good or bad.
Natural Law is dependant mainly on human reason therefore is not necessarily a religious theory; however, it has been relied on strongly by the Catholic Church to guide their moral teachings as they believe that Natural Law is relevant to all circumstances given by God.
Natural law is perceived by all human beings because it does not rely on the existence of God, and therefore can be followed as a moral code by anyone, but only believers in God acknowledge that it has implications for them beyond the grave.
Natural law became prominent through the writings of Aristotle who said that you were able to use reason to discover the teleological goal of human nature. Other antecedents of Natural Law included: Aristotle, Plato, and Cicero; however Aquinas borrowed the ideas that these ancient philosophers introduced and developed them more fully into the theory that it is today as well as incorporating it into Christian theology.
Natural Law is held very highly in the Roman Catholic Church, mainly following the teachings of Aquinas and is foundational to many of the beliefs that the Catholic Church still uphold because by using reason, we can work out the way God intends us to act.
Aquinas developed five primary precepts which he believed were rationally understood by analyzing the human body and human nature: These precepts are the basis to which we should hold when living our lives according to natural law.
Aquinas also acknowledges secondary precepts which are extremely close to many of the 10 commandments held in Christian theology, they are more specific, e. God gave Humans the power to reason, however Aquinas argues that he did this only to encourage us to operate in accordance with the primary precepts and to accomplish these purposes.
Believing in him is immaterial. The author would like to thank you for your continued support. Your review has been posted.Natural law is: Universal, unchanging and constant – these are all qualities which clearly show that it is an absolute theory." There will not be one law at Rome and another at Athens "- - Cicero.
It is accessible through the natural order of the world – through observation of its design, and by using human reason to evaluate the moral law through this. In England, theologian and preacher Richard Hooker (–) adapted features of Aquinas’s natural law theory into Anglicanism, and legal scholar and judge William Blackstone (–) used natural law in determining the contents of common law, although it was not identical with the laws of England.
The Natural Law Essay Sample. a) Explain what is meant by a natural approach to ethics. Natural Law creates ethical principals from the rules or guidelines, laid down by God in the bible and in the Ten Commandments.
Natural products are ones that are obviously direct from earth itself. Natural products that are sold are usually the one's with the upper hand effectiveness-wise because they are generally pure 1 / Natural Law 1. The "order of nature" interpretation of natural law is also known as "generic natural law".
The Natural Law Theory Essay examples Words 5 Pages Obeying by the natural law theory is the only true and moral way to live life; especially a life lived in God’s image. Proponents of natural law often argue that the use of natural law “far from being a licence for unlimited government and a roving judiciary, natural rights and natural law arguments are the best defence of liberty and of limited government”.